Metrics for the First Biorefinery
Biomass 255,664 Tons
Oxygen Varies with feedstock
Gasoline 17.9 MM Gallons
Water 6.5 MM Gallons
Carbon Dioxide 196,000 Tons
Electricity 10 MW
Feedstock Flexibility: Although the MKS Process has been designed to use waste wood, it can process a wide range of renewable biomass feedstock. Potential feedstock sources include railroad ties, dedicated fibre crops (e.g., high yield poplar species, switchgrass, perennial grasses), agricultural residues, bagasse, and sorted municipal solid waste.
Electricity Production: The MKS Process is exothermic, that is, it generates heat. The heat is captured to drive steam turbines, generating enough electricity to power the biorefinery equipment. Once running, the biorefinery is designed to be self-sufficient.
By-Products: The MKS Process does not produce any toxic waste products. Process by-products include:
Water: Pure water, available for industrial use or when re-mineralized irrigation or release into the watershed.
Carbon dioxide: Biomass sourced and GHG-neutral; can be captured for industrial use (e.g., greenhouses).
Inert ash: Contains only the minerals present in the original feedstock, suitable for soil enhancement or re-mineralizing water for irrigation.
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- Global Investment in New Biorefinery Infrastructure will Total $170 Billion through 2022, Forecasts (dailyfinance.com)
- New Biorefinery Could Turn Starbucks Coffee Grounds and Stale Muffins into Bioplastics (treehugger.com)
- New biorefinery finds treasure in Starbucks’ spent coffee grounds and stale bakery goods (eurekalert.org)
- Starbucks’ Food Waste Fuels Experimental Biorefinery (science.kqed.org)